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fun88新闻美国副总统彭斯东盟赴会

作者:佚名    文章来历:本站原创    更新时刻:2018/11/16

fun88新闻美国副总统彭斯东盟赴会着重美国许诺

美国副总统彭斯前往新加坡参与区域峰会,期间他将着重特朗普政府致力于坚持印度洋太平洋区域的自在和敞开。与会领导人将亲近重视他在安全、买卖和出资等方面能供给的实践协助。

一位高档政府官员在向记者介绍状况时表明,彭斯副总统这次东南亚之即将发布“详细,实质性行动”,以完结特朗普总统去年在越南岘港举办的亚太经合安排会议上所论述的“自在敞开的印度-太平洋”战略。

该战略的重点是完结这一区域的商场自在和飞行自在,代替奥巴马年代将美国在欧洲和中东的战略“从头平衡”的“转向亚洲”方针。

彭斯本年10月份在哈德逊研究所的讲演中指出,我国国家主席习近平推广的“一带一路”建议是“债款圈套交际”。

彭斯在亚洲之际可能会着重美国的代替方案,即美国国际开发金融公司(USIDFC),一个依据两党法案创立的新安排。其新的600亿美元方案支撑私家出资全球基础设施项目。

马尔代夫、斯里兰卡和马来西亚是一些对一带一路出资进行从头考虑的国家,原因是批评者所称的我国债款圈套所引起的问题。北京否定相关指控,包含其借款带来了包含糜烂、劳工违规和令人讨厌的债款等问题。

美国 - 东盟商业理事会方针副总裁Marc Mealy期望美国国际金融公司可以协助美国商界成为东南亚“可行和牢靠的代替商业同伴”。

新加坡首脑会议重视的焦点之一是华盛顿与北京之间的买卖争端,这让东南亚国家感到不安。

美中关税战迫使这些国家从头考虑其商业战略,在各国的不同范畴都有赢家和输家。

各国也在重视特朗普政府与该区域盟友的买卖和关税方针。在日本,彭斯推进日本首相安倍晋三达到双方买卖协议,特朗普总统期望该协议将减少东京与华盛顿的买卖顺差。

彭斯估计将在新加坡持续推进与越南和菲律宾在内的当地几个国家的双方自在买卖议程。

这可能与东南亚国家联盟(ASEAN)不一致,后者更乐意作为一个全体与买卖同伴进行买卖。

东盟现已与亚太区域的一切首要经济体签订了五项自在买卖协定,包含我国、日本、印度、韩国和新西兰。东盟正在尽力将一切五个独自协议归入一项称为区域全面经济同伴联系(RCEP)的协议,假如终究完结,该协议将包括全球40%以上的人口。

各国也忧虑美中在台湾问题上的严重联系以及在南我国海问题上的歹意日益加深,特别是鉴于最近美国迪凯特号与我国军舰鲁阳号简直发作相撞事情。

我国总理李克强将到会在新加坡举办的东盟 - 我国峰会和东亚峰会,习近平主席将到会亚太经合安排会议。俄罗斯总统普京也将参与在新加坡和莫尔兹比港举办的峰会。

Pence in Asia to Highlight US Commitment

U.S. Vice President Mike Pence is in Singapore for regional summits during which he will highlight the Trump administration’s commitment to keeping the Indo-Pacific region free and open, but where leaders will be watching closely what he will actually offer, both on security as well as trade and investment.

In a briefing to reporters, a senior administration official said the vice president’s visit to the region will unveil “concrete, substantive initiatives” to fulfill the “Free and Open Indo-Pacific” strategy outlined by President Donald Trump in the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in Da Nang, Vietnam, last year.

The strategy focuses on achieving free markets and freedom of navigation in the region, and replaces the Obama-era “pivot to Asia,” a strategic “re-balancing” of U.S. interests from Europe and the Middle East.

In his October speech at the Hudson Institute, Pence called Chinese President Xi Jin Ping's Belt and Road Initiative, “debt trap diplomacy.”

In Asia, he will likely highlight the American alternative, the U.S. International Development Finance Corporation (USIDFC), a new agency created under the bipartisan BUILD Act. The new $60 billion initiative supports private investments for infrastructure projects around the world.

The Maldives, Sri Lanka and Malaysia are some of the nations rethinking BRI investments because of problems arising from what critics see as a Chinese debt trap. Beijing denies the accusations that its loans create problems ranging from corruption, labor violations to objectionable debt.

Marc Mealy, vice president on policy at the US-ASEAN Business Council, a lobby group for American companies, hopes the USIDFC will help position the American business community as a “viable and credible alternative commercial partner” for Southeast Asia.

One of the issues in focus at the Singapore summits is the trade spat between Washington and Beijing, which has left countries in the region on edge.

The U.S.-Sino tariff wars have forced Southeast Asian nations to rethink their business strategy, and there have been winners and losers in different sectors of individual countries.

Countries are also watching the Trump administration’s trade and tariff policies with allies in the region. In Japan, Pence pushed Prime Minister Shinzo Abe for a bilateral trade agreement that President Trump hopes will cut Tokyo's trade surplus with Washington.

In Singapore, Pence is expected to continue the U.S. bilateral free-trade agenda with several countries in the region, including Vietnam and the Philippines.

This may be at odds with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN), which prefers to deal with trading partners as a regional block.

ASEAN already has five free-trade agreements with all of the major economies in Asia-Pacific, including China, Japan, India, South Korea and New Zealand. The regional block is trying to bring all five of the individual deals into a single agreement called the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) that, if concluded, would constitute more than forty percent of the world's population.

Countries are also concerned about U.S.-Sino tensions over Taiwan and rising hostility in the South China Sea, especially in light of a recent near-collision between the USS Decatur and the Chinese warship, Luyang.

Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang will attend the ASEAN – China Summit and the East Asia Summit in Singapore and President Xi Jinping will be at APEC. Russian President Vladimir Putin will also be going to the summits in Singapore and Port Moresby.

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